Business Education In France

In France, the former inspecteurs des finances (controllers of state finance) were for a long time the only leading businessmen who had gone through some kind of financial training. This training, needless to say, had not been designed for business purposes. The role of the inspecteurs des finances at the head of large corporations, especially banks, was none the less positive, at least before 1914, granted that they handled company finances efficiently. The cole des Hautes Commerciales (HEC) was established in 1881, and until recently was the only business -oriented grande cole in France. Its impact on business leaders’ education, however, remained negligible, and only reached some significance (over 10 per cent) with the generation active in the late 1980s. As in Germany, business studies started to take off in France with the generation educated in the 1950s and 1960s. If we include a number of American business schools, such as Harvard, Stanford, or Northwestern, where a handful of subsequently distinguished businessmen put the finishing touches to their education, then 17 per cent of French business leaders active in 1989 had been trained in business and management. The percentage is roughly on a par with Germany, but pales in comparison with the 28 per cent of graduates from the ENA, compared to less than 5 per cent in the early 1970s. This new weight of the ENA has been the major change in the educational pattern of the French business lite since the beginning of the twentieth century, though this pattern has remained rooted in a state-oriented tradition.
A commercial and financial training was more common, and from an earlier stage, among British businessmen. Not, however, that the American influence was especially strong: studies in an American business school were actually more common among French businessmen. By 1989 the London business School, established in 1963, had not trained more than a small fraction of the country’s top managers. Rather, the difference stemmed from the increasing proportion of accountants at the top of the large corporations, as high as 25 per cent in 1989. If one adds another 10 per cent who attended a British or an American business school, then more than a third of the British business leaders of the late 1980s had received a commercial training, as against barely 10 per cent for the generation active fifteen years earlier.

Economics Dissertation

Economics dissertation is designed to study specific concepts and constructs of the said subject in careful detail. These concepts must be a salient aspect of financial or business economics which is appropriate in the existing situation. The said thesis is more encompassing in nature and takes on a particular method, which follows a specific format. More often than not, the study may also take the place of one’s final examinations, which is why it must reflect the amount of learning and study that the writer has devoted on the particular subject.
Serious research is needed when one starts writing his/her exposition. Aside from following a pre-determined format, one also commonly needs to employ econometric or statistical techniques to further support the questions that the thesis wishes to answer. This salient aspect of the thesis can be seen in the methodology, which contains how the thesis statement may be proven or nullified. Employing any of the two techniques would definitely entail one’s knowledge and expertise about the subject.
Because of the nature of the research, writers work closely under the supervision of a highly trained adviser, who will generally advise the writer and help set the direction which the writer would like to follow. A number of related activities, which the writer must already be knowledgeable on, are needed to actualize the said thesis. Primarily, the writer, together with his/her adviser must first carefully plan and conceptualize the paper. How the final paper would turn out may not entirely be clear at this time yet, however, clear constructs and how to go about answering the thesis statement must already exist.
After proper planning and conceptualization, researching relevant material that will later be included in the literature review may then be undertaken. Being properly selective in choosing the information to be included is very important especially since a number of resources are available. Despite the number of resources available, one must be very careful in choosing which to include in the said thesis. Only those relevant and helpful in backing up the thesis statements must be included in the paper.
Theoretical modeling, data collection, and statistical analysis then follow suit. All three are pertinent in coming proving or disproving the thesis statement. Further, all three may also be assumed under the supervision of a competent adviser. Most thesis writers find it challenging yet rewarding at the same time. Especially since thesis writing is the perfect opportunity to translate their learning into actual use. The amount of practical work involved allows writers to learn much from the process, which would then prove useful later on in their chosen field as economists or financial and business analysts, among others.
Economics dissertation aims to evaluate and assess the writer’s profound understanding on the subject at hand and enable him/her apply a number of methodological approaches on the said problems. The practical approaches needed when writing a thesis opens a number of learning opportunities for the writers, all of which are important in his/her future endeavors.

The Evidence Based Approach To Business Coaching

In order to coach successfully, you need to employ tried and tested coaching methods and tools. You can achieve the desired results and performance in the workplace with established coaching techniques. Coaching techniques help to achieve organizational behavior changes, which in turn can prove to be beneficial for the employees and employers. Organizational behavior comprises of professional abilities and personal behavior, influenced by several aspects of human nature like beliefs, traditions, values, attitude and thoughts. Hence, to implement efficient and effective executive coaching, professional coaching methodology, complemented with scientific practices is the perfect solution.

An evidence-based approach not only provides a solid platform, but also serves as a guideline for business coaches to perform satisfactorily. Hence, many coaches and coaching services use proven evidence based coaching techniques and tools. Applying the time tested coaching practices help in building a relationship of trust and sincerity with the client. Scientifically proven coaching methods not only give an insight as to how the techniques work, but also provide a precise comprehensive picture. They help to maintain transparency and confidence within the coaching institution.

Quite contrary to the common belief, coaching does not deal with psychotherapy, instead it comprises of the several aspects of professional disciplines. Coaches need to employ different scientifically proven models and techniques to achieve the desired results. The use of the GROW model is very common in organizational coaching. Adopting the outdated and unproven coaching models and techniques is a waste of time, since they do not yield successful results. A coaching model that correctly measures the changes in growth is the apt choice for successful organizational coaching.

To be able to achieve your goal as a coach, you need to carefully choose coaching models and implement only those coaching techniques that are capable of enhancing performances and will yield the desired results. In order to be successful as a business coach, you have to be aware of how to adapt the coaching models and techniques, to assist your coachees to develop positive behavior changes like self-awareness, understanding and development of business skills. Hence, business firms should always hire skilled and trained coaches. The hiring of unqualified coaches can prove to be a disastrous decision for the company in the long run. Ill-trained coaches not only aggravate the problems already existent, but also prove to be a financial drain on the client resources. Coaching is not a mechanical process. You need to have thorough knowledge of the coaching tools and scientific techniques that will help you to assist people in overcoming their drawbacks.

As a coach you need to apply the various disciplines of psychology, business, economics and politics, so that you can determine factors like motivation and personal values. However, this does not mean that a coach needs to be a psychiatrist. You simply need to have a substantial understanding of the psychological tools and the capability of being able to use them for the benefit of the workforce.

The best solution is to receive training from qualified and reputed coaches, on how to use the organizational behavior coaching models and psychological tools effectively and efficiently. If you want to excel as an executive coach, you should have the ability to interpret various aspects of personal and professional behavior and translate them effectively into an action plan so as to develop positive organizational behavioral changes.

Find Hidden Money For Your Business Through Revenue Recovery

If you’re searching for ways to increase your bottom line, starting a new venture or going after a new business opportunity might not be the answer. Your small business could have hidden money through overcharges that you’re not aware of – and revenue recovery may be the answer.

Did you know that businesses lose approximately $250 billion per year through inefficient billing systems and practices? More than 80% of all businesses are overcharged annually without their knowledge! Your home business or small business could very well be within this percentage.

Don’t become a victim of poor business management. Good business economics comes from smart management. Knowing about overcharges and how to prevent them will greatly improve your business finance management today and for the future.

What are Overcharges?

Overcharges are additional charges that you may have paid unawares on certain types of bills. These “additional” charges are often accounting or typing mistakes, hidden fees that you were not informed about, or even fees tacked onto bills by a dishonest company. There are many types of overcharges. Here are just a few that are common with businesses.

Workers Comp Overcharges

If you have workers compensation issues at your workplace, then you may also have mistakes that are costing you money each year. These mistakes are often discovered in payrolls, experience modifications, classifications, or NCCI rules applications. There may also be insurance company overcharges. These “mistakes” can cost your company thousands of dollars per year if not caught in time.

Telecom Overcharges

Some studies show that almost 80% of telephone bills contain errors that cost American businesses millions of dollars per year. Telecom overcharges have become a major problem because of the variety of telecom services offered today. Many corporate businesses and franchises must keep up with long distance calling and toll-free calls, cell phones, answering services, telemarketers, and customer service calls. It’s no wonder telecom overcharges are so common.

Telephone bills have become so complicated to read that many ignore the details and just write a check for the bill! What’s the result? Businesses lose hard-earned money.

Income Tax Overcharges

Businesses can also lose money through income tax overpayments. This can occur whether it’s an individual who owns a small home-based business or a small business owner with 5 to 100 employees. The IRS rules change almost every year, so keeping up with income taxes can be a difficult task – even for a financial consultant or accountant!

Tax overcharges can and do occur every year for individuals and business owners. What many don’t realize is that these overcharges can turn into hefty refunds if submitted to the IRS as amended tax returns. Your business could have tax overcharges waiting to be claimed!

Rent, Leases and Utilities

Other areas where overcharges can occur are with business offices or building rent, leases, or utilities. In cases where the landlord includes utilities with your rent or lease agreement, he may be getting a discount on utilities, but charging you, the tenant, full price. Therefore, you might possibly negotiate a better rate if this is found to be true. This could result in tremendous savings every month for your business.

Revenue Recovery Solutions

There are many ways to investigate and recover lost revenue; however, it can be very time-consuming to audit all of your business information and bills each month. Luckily, there are many companies such as AmCorp Management that specialize in revenue recovery. They keep up with business news and investigate your bills for you to find overcharges and recover them for you. They provide business services that save you time so you can test new business ideas and possibly increase your bottom line each year through revenue recovery.